Flutter Color

Welcome Your Fluttering Visitors

Welcome these visitors to your new garden. Here are some of the most common hummingbirds in the United States. Click on the list below and the hummingbird species information will appear on the right.

  • Allen’s Hummingbird

    Selasphorus sasin

  • Anna’s Hummingbird

    Calypte anna

  • Black-chinned Hummingbird

    Archilochus alexandri

  • Broad-billed Hummingbird

    Cynanthus latirostris

  • Calliope Hummingbird

    Stellula calliope

  • Costa’s Hummingbird

    Calypte costae

  • Broad-tailed Hummingbird

    Selasphorus platycercus

  • Magnificent Hummingbird

    Eugenes fulgens

  • Ruby-throated Hummingbird

    Archilochus colubris

  • Rufous Hummingbird

    Selasphorus rufus

  • Supplement your garden by placing feeders nearby, hung about 30 feet apart throughout your garden.

    • A simple mixture of one part ordinary cane sugar to four parts water will make the perfect nectar.

    • Do not use food coloring to dye the nectar red. Your feeder should have enough red parts to attract the birds. Also, stay away from mixtures made with honey, artificial sweeteners or nutrient additives, as these are unhealthy for hummingbirds.

    • Keep the feeder clean and the nectar fresh. Rinse the feeder with hot water at each filling.

Hummingbird Species Information

Allen’s Hummingbird

Selasphorus sasin

Adult male: Green back and crown, an orange-red gorget (throat patch), a white chest with cinnamon underparts and a rufous (reddish-brown) tail and rump.

Adult female: Green back and pale rufous sides.

A low chup and an excited zeeeee chuppity-chup.

Cape Honeysuckle, Century Plant, Columbine, Fuchsia, Indian Paintbrush, Sage.

Breeds along the Pacific Coast from southern Oregon through California. Resident in southern California; also winters in Mexico.

• Small numbers may be found wintering along the Texas coast.

• Prefers to nest away from human habitation.

Hummingbird Species Information

Anna’s Hummingbird

Calypte anna

Adult male: Distinctive iridescent rose gorget (throat patch) and crown. At different angles, the bright coloring might appear violet, gold or green.

Adult female: Bronzy green above and white below, no gorget.

A sharp chip and a rapid chee-chee-chee-chee-chee.

Coral Bells, Eucalyptus, Fuchsia, Flowering Quince, Penstemon.

A largely permanent resident from northern California southward.

• Since it tends to live in one place throughout the year, Anna’s requires year-round blossoms.

• Range has been extending south, east and north over the past 50 to 60 years.

Hummingbird Species Information

Black-chinned Hummingbird

Archilochus alexandri

Adult male: Green above with a solid black throat bordered by a narrow band of iridescent purple.

Adult female: Green above with a white throat and breast, buff sides and outer tail feathers tipped in white.

A low tup.

Canna, Century Plant, Columbine, Yucca.

Breeds from British Columbia south throughout the West to Mexico and central Texas. Winters in Mexico.

• Often considered the western U.S. counterpart of the ruby-throated hummingbird.

• In urban areas, likes to nest in ornamental trees and shrubs.

Hummingbird Species Information

Broad-billed Hummingbird

Cynanthus latirostris

Adult male: Dark green above and below, with bright metallic-blue gorget (or throat patch). Distinctive bright red-orange bill with a black tip.

Adult female: An unmarked gray throat and underparts, distinctive red-orange bill.

A rapid, scratching chi-dit.

Agave, Ocotillo, Prickly Pear, Penstemons

Breeds in southern Arizona, southwestern New Mexico and western Texas. Winters along the U.S.-Mexico border.

• Quieter and less active than other hummingbirds

• Likes to nest in streamside trees.

Hummingbird Species Information

Calliope Hummingbird

Stellula calliope

Adult male: Gorget (throat patch) is rose-purple with streaks of white. Iridescent green above, cinnamon buff along the sides, whitish below.

Adult female: Similar to the male, without the colorful gorget. Also similar to the female Rufous hummingbird.

A high-pitched tsew.

Columbine, Currant, Orange, Penstemon, Sage.

Breeds from southern British Columbia south through the U.S. Pacific states and east to Colorado. Winters in Mexico.

• The smallest North American hummingbird.

• The only North American hummer with a multicolored gorget.

Hummingbird Species Information

Costa’s Hummingbird

Calypte costae

Adult male: Violet-purple crown and gorget (throat patch), with very long side feathers.

Adult female: Green above with a white throat and breast, buff sides and outer tail feathers tipped in white.

A light chip and high tinkling notes.

Bottlebrush, Coral Bells, Larkspur, Mexican Sage, Red Penstemon.

Breeds from central California, southern Nevada and southwestern Utah southward. Winters in southern California and Mexico.

• Costa’s short bill makes long, tubular flowers off-limits.

• The chief pollinator of Red Penstemon in southern and central California.

Hummingbird Species Information

Broad-tailed Hummingbird

Selasphorus platycercus

Adult male: Bright rose-pink gorget (throat patch), green crown. Tail is broad and bronzy black. Upperparts are metallic green with gray-tinged buff on the sides.

Adult female: Tail is broad and bronzy black, with green central feathers. Upperparts are metallic green with rich buff on the sides. White patches on the breast and underparts.

A sharp cricket-like chick.

Blue Larkspur, Century Plant, Lupine, Nasturtium, Penstemon, Sage.

Breeds from eastern California and northern Wyoming south through the Rocky Mountain states to southern Arizona and western Texas. Winters in Mexico.

• Broad-tails return to the same tree or shrub year after year, often to the same branch.

• Said to create the most distinctive sound in the Rockies in the summer.

Hummingbird Species Information

Magnificent Hummingbird

Eugenes fulgens

Adult male: A bright green gorget (throat patch) and black underparts. Crown is iridescent purple. Back is bronze green.

Adult female: Green above and grayish below, with light spotting on the throat.

A high-pitched teek.

Century Plant, Columbine, Geranium, Penstemon, Trumpet Honeysuckle.

Breeds in the mountains of southeastern Arizona, southwestern New Mexico and western Texas. Winters in Mexico.

• Feeds more on insects than other hummingbird species, though still takes nectar from flowers and feeders.

• Also known as the Rivoli hummingbird.

Hummingbird Species Information

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Archilochus colubris

Adult male: Emerald green back, iridescent ruby red gorget (throat patch) that might appear black under some lighting conditions, gray flanks, forked tail with no white. Smaller than female.

Adult female: Emerald green back, white breast and throat, rounded tail with white tips. Larger than male, with longer bill.

Mouse-like. twittering squeaks.

Tubluar red flowers like Salvia and Trumpet Creeper as well as Beebalm, Columbine, Japanese Honeysuckle, Mimosa Tree.

Breeds throughout eastern to midwestern North America, from southern Canada to the Gulf of Mexico. Most winter in Mexico, Central America and on Caribbean islands, although a few remain in the Gulf States and the Outer Banks of North Carolina.

• The only hummingbird that nests east of the Mississippi.

• The only hummingbird that regularly migrates across the Gulf of Mexico.

Hummingbird Species Information

Rufous Hummingbird

Selasphorus rufus

Adult male: Bright rufous (reddish-brown) upper parts and flanks, with an iridescent orange-red gorget (throat patch).

Adult female: Green upper parts and white below, with a rufous tinge on rump and flanks and much rufous in the tail. Speckles of orange-red on throat.

Abrupt, high-pitched zeee; various thin squealing noises.

Red-Flowering Currant plus Abutilon, Beebalm, Fuchsia, Lupine, Penstemon.

Breeds from southern Alaska south to the Pacific Northwest to the northern tip of California. Winters mainly in Mexico, occurring in small numbers along the Golf Coast during migration.

• The most abundant hummingbird in the West.

• Some migrate as far as 3,000 miles each winter.